Studies also show ongoing effects on human health. More than 50, people were involved in the spill cleanup and were exposed to chemicals that severely damage lung tissue. Gulf residents indirectly affected by the spill suffered from increased anxiety and depression. Ten million user-days of beach, fishing and boating activity were lost. The aftermath of the tragedy brought promises of stronger safety oversight from the government, multiple investigations and numerous recommendations.
The Minerals Management Service MMS — the agency in charge of regulating offshore energy development — was reorganized into three separate bureaus to reduce conflicts of interest arising among its functions.
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The newly created Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement BSEE , was assigned to promote safety, protect the environment and conserve resources through regulatory oversight and enforcement. In April , BSEE proposed a new rule, known as the Well Control Rule, which would improve current inspection and safety measures for offshore oil wells by requiring more stringent third-party inspections and the use of more advanced blowout prevention equipment.
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While there are shortcomings to this rule, it would serve as a good first step forward. However, oil and gas industry interests, with the support of some members of Congress, are vigorously pushing to weaken and delay the rule, and it has not yet been finalized and put into effect.
BP Shortcuts Led to Gulf Oil Spill, Report Says - The New York Times
Scientists are only just beginning to understand the effects of the Deepwater Horizon disaster. More than 25 years later, oil is still being discovered underneath Alaskan beaches, indicating the long-lasting nature of oil spill impacts. And despite industry claims of improvement, oil disasters continue. The federal government reports that in the six years following the Deepwater Horizon spill, offshore drilling has resulted in a total of 1, injuries, fires and explosions, 22 losses of well control, 11 spills of at least 2, gallons of oil each, and 11 fatalities directly related to offshore drilling.
It seems clear that offshore drilling is just as dirty and dangerous as it was six years ago. The Obama administration has already taken an important step towards transitioning away from offshore oil drilling by removing the Atlantic Ocean from the proposed five-year plan for offshore oil and gas leasing.
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But there is still more to be done. The government should remove the new lease sales scheduled in the remote and unforgiving Arctic Ocean as well as stop seismic airgun blasting from taking place along the East Coast. The United States should invest in cleaner, safer technologies like offshore wind and other renewable energy sources.
With action from Congress that is long overdue, compliance from industry, and continued leadership from the administration, we can help prevent future environmental disasters in the offshore oil and gas industry. We are enhancing important commercial and recreational fisheries through the restoration of oyster reefs in the Mississippi Sound and expanding artificial reefs along our coast to bolster populations of red snapper, all in an effort to preserve our natural resources for our people.
We are also working with a variety of partners to restore barrier islands and enhance marsh habitat through the beneficial use of dredge materials. Chartered by Congress in , NFWF directs public conservation dollars to the most pressing environmental needs and matches those investments with private contributions.dc-2825176aabd3.userengage.io/the-door-in-the-floor.php
Deepwater Horizon and the Gulf oil spill - the key questions answered
NFWF works with government, nonprofit and corporate partners to find solutions for the most intractable conservation challenges. Learn more at www. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. This page location is:. Sign In. Eight years after Deepwater Horizon oil spill, conservation along the Gulf of Mexico advances at an historic scale Page Content. Rob Blumenthal ,
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