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Student sometimes, times , makes assertions that combines and compares one of the foundational texts with another, or provides extensions or synthesis with the original article that they brought with them for the seminar. Student often makes assertions that combines and compares one of the foundational texts with another, or provides extensions or synthesis with the original article that they brought with them for the seminar. Synthesis of Discussion. Student rarely, times , makes assertions that combines or compares what another student says in a way that qualifies or disqualifies another's assertion.
Student occasionally, times , makes assertions that combines or compares what another student says in a way that qualifies or disqualifies another's assertion. Student often makes assertions that combines or compares what another student says in a way that qualifies or disqualifies another's assertion. Student seems very off task and out of the discussion. Student occasionally listens to others, but they also have to ask what was previously said at times. Student listens to the others in the group so that they can respond. This student seems unprepared.
Sources are not synthesized. It is evident that this student had some good points to make, but that they were really relying more on the discussion than their preparation. Do more with this rubric:. Test run. Classrooms ePortfolios Rubrics Coursework Grades. My Account. RCampus Enterprise Request Info. All rights reserved.
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Socratic Seminar. Poor 5 pts. Hence fear of the enemy is potentially harmful; fear itself can be dangerous. Thus danger is by the concept of harm applicable to goods beyond physical well-being and life, with which it is most commonly associated. In Laches, Socrates expands the concept of courage on precisely this basis. He says: 9 Wounds and death are ways of being harmed because health and life are goods. The Phaedo depicts the last hours of a condemned man.
This is a truly frightening situation. You can see it pounding through their shirt. Is it permitted? For the remainder I have used the Grube rendition as reprinted in Cooper , with revisions noted. Fear is associated with a characteristic set of sensations, e. But Socrates does not pale, does not tremble, and does not resist the sentence. Instead he makes a joke. How does he manage this?
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His courage in the face of death would have been more remarkable if he had not believed that he was going to enjoy eternal bliss in the company of the gods. Secondly, Socrates says more or less explicitly that he does not know that the soul is immortal. On one occasion, he makes the following admission: For I am thinking Thus prepared, Simmias and Cebes, he said, I come to deal with your argument.
See also Day And if you analyze them adequately, you will, I think, follow the argument as far as a man can, and if the conclusion is clear, you will look no further. If they follow the logos as far as possible, and if the conclusion is clear, they will look no further.
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From this, Socrates draws another hypothetical conclusion: if the soul is immortal, it requires care, for all of time c The image of open mouth and eyes is a trope for wonder. The verb is active and transitive. I owed this point to Brann et al. His courage is, as all courage must be, grounded on knowledge of ignorance.
Socratic courage as exhibited in Phaedo does not conform to the model of the martyr. And there seems to be no beautiful goal for which to act—he is a condemned criminal. Initial appearances are misleading. Socrates is able to strive for a beautiful goal in his last hours. The goal which he pursues is wisdom.
More precisely, Socrates strives till the last to live up to his self-reflexive ideal of being a person who strives for wisdom. For an illuminating discussion of wonder, especially in relation to tragedy, see Cunningham For discussion, see Gonzalez For discussion, see Futter But Socrates does not fight, or oppose, any human being or any institution.
He does not fight those who carry out the capital sentence. This point is comically expressed in the appearance of the dolorous officer of the Eleven, who weeps uncontrollably even while the condemned man retains his good cheer Phd. The fear of death expresses an attachment to the goods of bodily health and life. The soldier must detach from this attachment in order to live up to the idea of the beautiful.
If he does not overcome the danger of fear, he will be a coward, giving in, as it were, to the temptation to life and health. According to Socrates, it would be strange if philosophers were to fear death since they are already in the business of dying and being dead. In the striving for wisdom, the philosopher disdains the body, since it does not facilitate his pursuit of knowledge of the good and the beautiful, etc.
The self-reflexive commitment to being a person who strives for wisdom requires that the philosopher oppose that which could tempt him to betray himself. On the day represented in Phaedo, Socrates cannot escape the capital sentence.
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For a person in this situation, the temptation is to withdraw, and break down, allowing herself to go to pieces. To go to pieces is to despair.
eden.wecan-group.com/indian-fairy-tales-illustrated-by.php It is at bottom to renounce the idea of remaining oneself He wants to preserve his life. It is more difficult to understand what motivates him to surrender psychologically, that is, despair, when he cannot preserve his life. By despairing he apparently loses both his life and himself, considered in terms of his ideals. Similarly, it is easy to understand why Socrates might have been tempted to propose exile as penalty for his guilt Ap.
He could at least 26 Marcel Tillich 55ff. But what could tempt him to prefer capitulation to perseverance in the search for wisdom? For to prefer capitulation and despair to perseverance in philosophy is to prefer giving up, lying down, and miserably perishing 29 to an alternative which at least has this much to speak in its favour: it is a holding together of oneself.
For the philosopher, the fear of death is dangerous because it tempts him to give up the search Ap. The temptation to despair is self-defeating because despair is spiritual death. In fighting the fear of death even when he cannot preserve his life, Socrates fights the temptation to despair. Despair is, for him, true death, because it is a death of the soul. Life is not—strange as this might sound—a purely biological concept. It is, or is also, a normative concept. This is why we say that a person has really lived, or has not really lived. Nietzsche bk.
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