Bulstrode Whitelocke, a member of the House, said that the Irish would be rooted out by a new and overwhelming plantation of English and that another England would be speedily found in Ireland.
The Irish of Barbados (Photos)
The Lords of the Council ordered Lord Ormonde, then lieutenant general of the army in Ireland, to burn, spoil, waste, consume, destroy and demolish all the places, towns and houses where the said rebels are … and to kill and destroy all the men there inhabiting able to bear arms. That there were massacres of Protestants by Catholics in the early days of the rebellion cannot be denied; they were perpetrated by the peasantry whose hatred for the settlers was endemic. It was not what actually happened that mattered, however, but what the English believed had taken place. The Irish seemed, to Englishmen of that time, of a lower race.
To Cromwell it was to be a contest between the honest English and the murderous and treacherous Irish. Pamphlets published before and during the English Civil War fuelled the hatred of the English for the Irish. They were depicted as a subhuman species, undeserving of pity or mercy. An extract from one of these pamphlets is sufficient to show the virulence of the hatred that the Puritans had for the Irish people:.
I beg upon my hands and knees that the expedition against them may be undertaken whilst the hearts and hands of our soldiery are hot.
To whom I will be bold to say briefly: Happy is he who shall reward them as they have served us; and cursed is he that shall do the work of the Lord negligently. Cursed be he that holdeth back his sword from blood; yea, cursed be he that maketh not his sword drunk with Irish blood. On 24 October , Parliament passed an ordinance that no quarter shall henceforth be given to any Irishman or papist born in Ireland captured on land or at sea. In the same year a Captain Swanley, a naval officer fighting for Parliament, captured a ship out of Dublin bound for Bristol with seventy Irish soldiers and two women aboard.
He threw them all overboard, tied back to back. When the parliamentarians under Colonel Thomas Mytton captured Shrewsbury in February , they took fifty Irish prisoners. Mytton selected twelve by lot and hanged them in the town square. In retaliation Prince Rupert ordered the hanging of thirteen Roundheads taken at Oswestry. Parliament protested vigorously against this outrage and ordered the Earl of Essex to explain to Rupert that there was a very great difference between Englishmen and Irishmen.
Sir William Brereton hanged every Irish prisoner he took, saying that the Irish soldiers deserved the noose because they were guilty of great spoils and cruelties… horrid rapes and insolencies. Oliver Cromwell concluded that hanging the Irish was a righteous judgement of God upon these barbarous wretches. It is not necessary to go too much into the convoluted state of Irish politics before the arrival of Cromwell in Ireland. The Irish were, as usual, divided.
Thomas Carlyle, the nineteenth century historian, wrote of them, Parties on the back of Parties, at war with the world and with each other. In overall command of the royalists was James Butler, twelth Earl of Ormonde. The Butlers were an old Anglo-Irish Catholic family, but Ormonde was a Protestant, having been made a ward of court and raised in England. In his army, three of his Catholic brothers and several cousins held high commands.
Undoubtedly Ormonde was a man of great parts. His weakest point was, perhaps, the want of high military talents; but as for diplomacy—that is plotting—he was a veritable Palmerston born before his time … Ormonde hated the Catholic religion with an intensity which can only belong to a pervert … the old Irish whom Ormonde and all Palesmen looked upon as an alien and inferior race, unfit for the same rights and priviledges as Englishmen….
He had a varied career: in early life he was a soldier of fortune, serving in the Spanish army in Italy. He was appointed vice-president of Munster by Charles I. When the rebellion of broke out, he became the scourge of rebels in Munster, sacking and burning, killing and hanging. On the refusal of the king to grant him the presidency of Munster, he joined the parliamentary army and for some years devoted all his energies and military skill to securing that province for the parliamentarians.
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Inchiquin was responsible for the sacking of Cashel in which he and his men slaughtered the defenders, although he had previously promised them quarter. A short time later he again changed sides, but was not as active on behalf of the king as he had been for the parliamentarians. Because he was a turncoat so many times, he was never really trusted by the Irish; in fact, he was still remembered for his fierce and unrelenting hatred of the Catholic Church.
He was known to the Irish as Murrough the burner. His army was mainly made up of Protestants of English origin.
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The Catholic Confederation of Kilkenny, which was set up in , also had a standing army. He was warmly welcomed by some of the officers of the Confederation, including Richard Butler, the brother of the Earl of Ormonde.
He was transferred to the Netherlands in the Spanish service in and was regarded as one of their ablest commanders there. He returned to Ireland in , assumed command of his northern clansmen and fought the English troops who were devastating the country after the rebellion of He wrote to Cardinal Rinuccini: We are almost reduced to despair. The Caribs and Arawaks of the West Indies cured their meat by drying it in the sun.
They then laid it in long strips on a wooden grate and smoked it over a slow fire of green wood, the cured meat being called boucan. It was thought that the Caribs, a fierce and bloodthirsty race, before the arrival of the Spanish and later the Dutch and English, first perfected this method by killing their enemies and then boucanning their bodies for later consumption. They told him that Frenchmen made the most delicate eating while Spaniards were the most difficult to digest. Their own word for boucanning was barbacoa, from which we get the word barbecue.
Irish slaves myth - Wikipedia
When Dr Petty concluded his survey, Ireland was then the best-mapped country in Europe. Its main achievement is to situate the story of colonialism in Ireland in the much larger context of worldwide European imperialism. In the 17th century, Oliver Cromwell who took over England encouraged the mass slaughter and enslavement of Irish men, women and children for various reasons, one being that the Protestant English regarded the Catholic Irish as inhuman, un-Christian and undesirable.
gatsbyproperty.co.uk/lemi-jeep-wrangler-yj.php Over 50, Irish were sent to Barbados to work in the baking Sun of the sugar plantations. This book chronicles what happened to them.
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Beatings, whippings, torture, rape and humiliation were just some of the terrible indecencies that these people suffered because they were Catholic and Irish.
Related To Hell or Barbados: The ethnic cleansing of Ireland
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